2014 EU Prize for Cultural Heritage Special Mention of the Jury
History of Mansion
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MONUMENTAL CITY, EDİRNE
Following Bursa, Edirne became the capital city of the Ottoman Empire soon after Murat I conquered the city in 1361. Edirne, taking its name from the Roman Emperor Hadrianus rapidly developed after becoming the capital. The city, growing in parallel with development of the Empire, was donated with marvellous architectural works suiting to the capital identity for two centuries. Palace architects passed many unique works down to today by constructing mosques, palaces, mansions, caravanserais, bazaars, schools, bridges, drains, baths and fountains. While, a lot of structures that couldn’t stand the test of time for centuries were destroyed, tens of historical works bringing the rich cultural heritage of Edirne to the present are still alive today. Among these, the Selimiye Mosque, the masterpiece of Architect Sinan and the crown of the city, is the symbol of Ottoman classical era and the apple of the city’s eye. Edirne protecting its historical texture and identity to a large extent is an open-air museum, every street of which houses a historical value.
SELİMİYE; THE CROWN OF THE CITY
Being one of the most distinguished works of Turkish-Islamic architecture, Selimiye is the Architect Sinan's masterpiece and the most important example of the single domed mosques.
The mosque built by the Ottoman Sultan Selim II between 1568-1575 is the keystone of the city's architectural identity.
It is one of the most significant religious attractions in Turkey so each year thousands of people come to this grand mosque for prayer and seeing its gorgeous architecture.
Selimiye Mosque is included in UNESCO’s World Heritage List.
COMPLEX OF SULTAN BAYEZID II
It is one of the most important health, social, cultural and religious units of its period, which was built by Sultan Bayezid II in 1488 for the purpose of leaving an important monument in such a distinctive city of the Empire.
The most important sections of the complex consisting of several units are the Hospital and Medical School Sections, which are being used as the Health Museum today.
The hospital section of the complex was converted into a museum by Trakya University in 1997.
The museum is one of the most important cultural projects of the university and owner of several museum awards across Europe.
Its annual number of visitors has increased to 220.000.The Medical School Section was opened to public in 2008. The medical education environment of the Ottomans during the 15th century has been designed here.
KIRKPINAR OIL WRESTLING
It is the oldest wrestling festival in the world with its 648-year history and one of the most important symbols of Edirne. Each year, many wrestlers and wrestling lovers from all around Turkey come to this festival held in Edirne at the end of June and beginning of July. Kırkpınar Oil Wrestling is included in UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage List.
ANCIENT RUINS (EDİRNE CASTLE)
Most of the Edirne Castle, built by the Roman Emperor Hadrianus, was standing till the 19th century. However, only a small part of the remains and a tower from the castle have reached the present day.
MACEDONIA CLOCK TOWER
It is one of the unique monuments of Edirne, which was built by the Governor Hacı İzzet Pasha on a Roman bastion between 1884-1885 but most part of it hasn't reached the present day.
THE BALKAN WARS CASUALTIES MEMORIAL
It is the biggest of Edirne's war memorials and located in Sarayiçi district. It was constructed in commemoration of 20.000 casualties who were left to death in the Balkan Wars.2
ŞÜKRÜ PASHA MEMORIAL AND THE BALKAN WAR MUSEUM
The Balkan War Museum, where the Mausoleum of Şükrü Pasha is located, has been arranged in commemoration of Şükrü Pasha, who defended Edirne heroically during the occupation, and the Balkan War casualties.
KARAAĞAÇ, LAUSANNE MONUMENT AND TRAIN STATION BUILDING
Karaağaç is a district of Edirne 4 km far away from the Greek border. The historical train station being used as Trakya University Fine Arts Faculty building today, Lausanne Monument and Museum are located in this district.
Its construction was started in 1403 by Süleyman Çelebi and completed in 1414 during the reign of Çelebi Mehmet. It is the first big monumental work of Edirne and famous for the writings inside.
It is one of the most important mosques in Edirne built by Sultan Murat II on a dominant hill and unique in the cultural wealth of the country with its distinctive examples of tiling work belonging to the Ottoman period.
ÜÇ ŞEREFELİ MOSQUE
It was built during the reign of Sultan Murat II between 1438-1447. It represents the transition to single domed mosques in the Ottoman mosque architecture. It is considered to be among the distinguished examples of Ottoman art with its spiral shaped minaret, main gate and decorations.
The construction of the palace started in 1450 by the Tunca River during the reign of Murat II and was developed by the following sultans later on.
Many important military and political decisions affecting the world's fate were made and put into effect in this palace which was used until the beginning of the 19th century.
THE CITY OF BRIDGES
In the city, there are eight Ottoman stone bridges having reached the present time. The most important one among these is the Meriç Bridge over the Meriç River.
Three historical bazaars belonging to the Ottoman period are among the important values of Edirne. These are Ali Pasha Bazaar, the work of Architect Sinan, Arasta and Covered Bazaars.
Rüstem Pasha Caravanserai, the work of Architect Sinan, and Ekmekçizade Ahmet Pasha Caravanserai are among the important constructions in harmony with the historical texture of Edirne.
KAKAVA FESTIVITY AND ROMANS
THE CITY WHERE RELIGIONS MEET